Rojava may very well be the lynchpin in the Middle East that could potentially trigger a global war, could lead to the disintegration of the Russian-Turkish-Iranian alliance, or could lead to a forced peace that would see Turkey’s imperialistic ambitions held in check for quite some time.
Rojava is mostly comprised of Syrian Kurds, who, thanks to the Syrian civil war, took an opportunity to create a semi-autonomous region in Northern Syria. Their existence is one that is supported by the Russians, and even the US, but not the Turks, who have long seen Kurds as a fundamental threat to their ambitions to rebuild the Ottoman Empire. Muddling up the whole affair is the possibility that France might soon be recognizing Rojava a sovereign state.
Thierry Meyssan, writing in VoltaireNet.org, outlines how the French could recognize Rojava as a state as they qualify for the defintion established in res judicata.
The principle of res judicata [translator’s note: a matter that has already been ruled upon] ensured that the Rojava was automatically recognized as a sovereign and independent state.
Historically, the Kurds are a nomadic people. They are like the Gypsies in Europe, only a warlike version. They roam about in the valley of the Euphrates and can eventually cross the North of what currently is Syria . At the end of the Ottoman Empire, some groups of Kurds were recruited to participate in exterminating the Christians in general and the Armenians specifically . The reward for carrying out these crimes: they receive the lands of the Armenians that they had massacred and they settled themselves there. During the French colonization, the Kurds belonging to the tribe of the Millis had been recruited to wipe out Arab nationalism in Raqqa and Aleppo, then they left Syria when it became independent.
The “Rojava” had been created on Arab territory where the Kurds have only established a continuous presence since the repression where they were collectively victims during the Turkish civil war in the 1980s. The Christian and Muslim Arab populations had lived there and had been expelled from there during the war against Syria. Now the Kurds were preventing them from returning there as citizens.
The “Rojava” was then placed in the hands of the PYD. This was a Kurdish party that was formerly of pro-Soviet Marxist-Lenin ideology, but made a sudden turn and switched to being anarchist and pro-US . Despite the claims of its communicators, it retains a highly structured hierarchy, a totalitarian cult of its founder and an iron will. The best one can say is that there is parity in the positions of responsibility. They are occupied simultaneously by a man and a woman. This new organization is applied also to the general staff whereas the women are rare in this militia; in any event, more rare than in the mixed armies of the region, Tsahal and the Syrian Arab Army.
Read more at VoltaireNet.org
Turkey does not appear to have gotten the memo that not only does its ostensible (though now questionable) NATO ally, the United States, not want to see Rojava threatened, neither does its current ally in Syria, Russia, want Rojava’s security to be compromised. Either possessing a tin ear, or a bellicose nature that MUST go forward with its plans to settle the Kurdish problem, Turkey has recently announced its immediate intentions to invade and destroy Rojava.
Turkey’s president vowed “to purge terrorism” across the border in Syria, as Turkish forces pounded US-backed fighters with artillery fire on Sunday.
A military operation in northern Syria against the city of Afrin – controlled by the Syrian Kurdish armed group YPG – will be launched “in the days ahead”, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was quoted as saying by the official Anadolu news agency.
He said the attack on Afrin would be an extension of the 2016 Euphrates Shield Operation, which targeted Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) fighters, as well as the YPG. The eight-month combat effort officially ended in March 2017.
Turkish soldiers are currently based in rebel-held territory on both sides of Afrin.
“In the coming days, God willing, we will continue with the Afrin [operation] that we started first with Euphrates Shield Operation to purge terrorism from our southern borders,” Erdogan said in a speech in central Anatolian Tokat province.
But even as Turkey rattles the war sabre, the United States is now employing these same Kurds to provide border security in a move that is in direct opposition to the Turks’ announcement of war.
US to use YPG militants for border security in Syria
The U.S.-led coalition is working with a Syrian Kurdish group to set up a new border force of 30,000 personnel, the coalition said on Jan. 14, a move that has added to Turkey’s anger over U.S. support to the group in Syria.
A senior Turkish official told Reuters the U.S. training of the new “Border Security Force” is the reason that the U.S. charge d’affaires was summoned in Ankara on Jan 10. The official did not elaborate.
The force, whose inaugural class is currently being trained, will be deployed at the borders of the area controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) – made up mostly of People’s Protection Units (YPG) militants.
In an almost immediate reaction to the American move, Presidential Spokesperson İbrahim Kalın said that Turkey has the right to defend itself against “terror groups” on its own terms and time, and that the U.S. stance on the issue is “unacceptable,” state-run Anadolu Agency reported.
“Turkey will continue to take all necessary precautions aligned with its national interest to preserve its national security,” Kalın added.
U.S. support for the SDF has put enormous strain on ties with NATO ally Turkey, which views the YPG as a terrorist group for its link with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
What remains to be seen is what the United States, what Russia, what, even, Israel, will do if the Turks decide to invade Rojava. The Kurdish problem is not necessarily a fight the Iranians want to engage in right now, so it also remains to be seen how imbroiled in this tangled affair they will want to become in the interest of maintaining an alliance with Turkey.
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